A minimalist person is someone who has a simple, uncluttered lifestyle. They don’t believe in owning things for the sake of owning things — they only keep what is truly important to them. Minimalists are often very organised and efficient, and they find satisfaction in pursuing meaningful relationships and activities.
Despite this, minimalists are frequently viewed as emotionless, privileged, boring, clinical and extreme.
Yet some of the most interesting and dynamic individuals in history practised minimalism. Mahatma Gandhi and Steve Jobs ruthlessly pursued simplicity and changed the world.
So what does a minimalist person look like? What are the defining qualities of this type of individual? In this post, I share 14 characteristics that define minimalists.
Keep in mind that there is no one-size-fits-all definition of minimalism. You may identify with only a few of these qualities, while others may identify with most or all of them.
If you’re interested in becoming a minimalist, it’s important to figure out which characteristics resonate with you and focus on cultivating those aspects of your personality.
1. Values white space
A minimalist wants white space across all areas of life. This could mean more empty space in your calendar, room to think and breathe. And of course space in your physical environment.
If anything, creating white space is actually what drives minimalists to minimise. Space is the resource that creates the opportunity to design your life with intention and make room for experiences that matter most.
Without space, we’re trapped in complexity, busyness and, ironically, constraints. We become slaves to our schedules, tasks, things and toxic relationships.
A minimalist person is skilled at creating and holding onto space no matter how much is going on in their lives.
2. Drained by overconsumption
Minimalists are borderline allergic to the bright lights of excessive consumerism. Spending their waking hours in shopping malls, online stores, taking advantage of sales, or just being around consumerism zaps their energy.
It’s not that minimalists don’t appreciate things. They do. But they realise that more isn’t necessarily better and that “things” can never fill the voids in our lives.
On a deeper level, many minimalists have an innate sense that rampant consumerism is detrimental to our planet and its inhabitants. They understand that we can’t keep buying things and expect the planet to remain healthy and sustainable.
So they make a conscious choice to consume less, which generally leads to a simpler and more fulfilling life.
3. Loves to maximise what they have
A minimalist person is resourceful and knows how to make the most of what they have. They don’t need a lot of things to be happy and content — quite the opposite. They feel burdened by too many possessions.
This doesn’t mean that minimalists don’t ever buy anything new. But when they do, it’s usually because they’ve thought about it carefully and decided that it will add value to their lives in some way.
Minimalists are also very good at taking care of the things they own. They don’t believe in planned obsolescence or disposing of things just because they’re no longer new or trendy.
When something breaks, they try to fix it instead of throwing it away and buying a new one. This not only saves them money but also reduces waste and clutter.
4. Sensitive to clutter
Minimalists are highly sensitive to clutter. They can’t stand being surrounded by too many things, especially if those things are useless or have no sentimental value.
This is why minimalists are often drawn to decluttering and simplifying their lives. It just feels better to them when their environment is clean and uncluttered.
Some minimalists go so far as to live in tiny houses or travel with only a carry-on suitcase.
This might seem extreme to some people, but it just works for them.
It’s not that they don’t like stuff, they just prefer to surround themselves with fewer things and more space (see the first point).
This also goes for digital items. Minimalists are just as likely to declutter their computers, phones, and social media accounts as they are their physical spaces.
By reducing the amount of digital clutter, they free up time and mental space to focus on things that are more important to them.
5. Despises wasting time
Minimalists hate wasting time. They would much rather be doing something productive, creative, or enjoyable than sitting around watching TV, browsing the internet, or engaging in other forms of mindless consumption (unless that’s what they deem as essential).
To a minimalist, time is the most precious commodity they have. And they don’t want to waste it on things that don’t matter.
This is why minimalists are often very selective about how they spend their time. They carefully consider whether something is worth their time before they commit to it.
And if they do commit to something, they usually give it their all and try to make the most of it — which leads to the next point.
6. Seeks depth
Whether it’s relationships, careers or hobbies minimalists often seek depth over breadth.
They would rather have a few close friends than a large group of acquaintances. They would instead do one thing really well than many things mediocrely.
This isn’t to say that minimalists don’t like variety. They do. But they realise that they can only give so much attention to any one thing.
And they would rather focus that attention on a few things that are important to them, rather than spreading themselves too thin.
This desire for depth leads minimalists to create rich and fulfilling lives. Minimalists may have fewer things and activities but what they have are usually of great importance to them. It’s addition by subtraction.
7. See minimising as a fun challenge
A minimalist person likes to experiment and push their limits with how much they need.
It’s not that they’re trying to live in poverty or deprive themselves of things they need or enjoy. They just want to see how much they can simplify their lives without sacrificing their happiness or well-being.
This often leads minimalists to live very interesting and unconventional lives. They’re always trying new things and pushing themselves outside their comfort zones.
For them, life is a never-ending experiment — and they wouldn’t have it any other way.
8. Practice detachment from things
Minimalists practice detachment from things. This doesn’t mean they don’t get attached to people or experiences.
It just means they realise that material possessions are not the source of their happiness. So, even if they do have stuff, they don’t let it control them or their lives.
This allows them to live more freely and be less burdened by their possessions. And if they do lose something, it’s not the end of the world — because they know they can live without it.
So when you talk to a minimalist, you’ll notice that they’ll rarely hype up or feel overly proud about something they own or have acquired. Things fall in the camp of “tools” — necessary items to accomplish something more meaningful.
9. Understand what’s enough
Many of us fall into the cycle of always wanting more, even when we have enough. Minimalists understand that enough is, well, enough.
This is particularly true when it comes to personal finance. Minimalists know that they don’t need to earn a high income to be happy. They also know that they don’t need to spend a lot of money to live a good life.
They’re content as long as they have enough to cover their basic needs and enjoy a few simple luxuries.
Read more: A Minimalists Guide To Debt-Free Living
Of course, this doesn’t mean minimalists are against making more money or acquiring more things. But they realise that these things won’t make them any happier — and, in fact, may even lead to more stress and anxiety.
10. Less materialistic
Noone can escape materialism. Even minimalists.
It’s human nature to care about what others think of us. But this usually leads to wanting to prove ourselves through our things, houses, clothing, jobs, spouses, kids schools, neighbourhoods or social media followers.
Minimalists have learned to question these things. They realise that they don’t need to keep up with the Joneses. They know that their worth is not determined by their stuff or what others think of them — so they fight to stay in their lane, tune out the noise and be less materialistic.
11. Live for experiences
Minimalists live for experiences, not things. An enjoyable phone call with a friend, hiking in nature, or playing music are examples of the moments minimalists create space for.
They would rather spend their money on travel, concerts, events, meals out — anything that will give them new and memorable experiences.
They know that these experiences will enrich their lives (as well as those close to them) much more than any material possession ever could.
12. Slow shoppers
Minimalists understand that impulsive purchases increase the odds of getting things you don’t need, leading to more clutter. Instead, minimalists are meticulous when they need to buy something. Shopping isn’t a hobby or a way to kill time. Shopping is a matter of execution.
This mentality leads to slowing down the purchasing cycle. Selectively adding items to the wishlist, and being patient in finding the right product.
And for some minimalists, it’s important to support businesses with a sustainable and ethical supply chain. Because it’s not about the stuff at the end of the day. It’s about how that stuff was made and who it was made by.
13. Confidently say no
Minimalists have learned the power of saying no. No to things they don’t need, want or enjoy. No to experiences that don’t align with their values. No to things that would distract them from what’s important.
Saying no frees up time and energy for minimalists to focus on what matters most to them. For example, a minimalist might say no to a last-minute invitation to a party so they can stay home and spend time with their family.
Or they might say no to a work project requiring them to sacrifice their personal lives.
Of course, minimalists still appreciate socialising and working hard. But they know how to draw the line and confidently say no when necessary.
Last but not least, minimalists are incredibly courageous. They have the courage to downsize their lives to give them the opportunity to live with intentionality.
They dare to let go of things that may or may not add value. Minimalists dare to question society’s definition of material success and do things on their own terms.
Most importantly, minimalists are courageous enough to hit reset on their lives at any given moment when they sense complexity has crept back in. Minimalists live for a blank canvas. A cleared hard drive or whatever metaphor you want to use.
Bottom line. They don’t settle, accept or give in to the cycle of physical, digital and mental clutter.
It takes courage to be simple. To remove when it’s easier to add. This to me is one of the defining traits of a minimalist person.
The characteristics of a minimalist person
Minimalism is a lifestyle that’s rooted in freedom, creativity and happiness. It’s the complete opposite of materialistic culture — a society where we are constantly told to obtain more things because it will make us happy or successful.
But minimalists have learned these principles and know better than anyone how this isn’t true. Living with less means you’re free to live more.
Which one of these minimalist qualities resonated with you the most? Let me know in the comments below.